Monthly Archives: June 2017

What is GST - Goods and Services Tax - How does it work - Basics - Explained - In Hindi

What is GST – Goods and Services Tax – How does it work – Basics – Explained – In Hindi

What is GST this is what I am going to explain you with all the basics in Hindi

GST or Goods and Services Tax is a multistage destination based tax system which is applicable when any value addition to the goods or service is done.

Here multistage means starting from when raw material is procured till the time the product is delivered to customer.

Currently Indian tax structure is divided in two types
Direct Taxes : (Example – Income Tax) : Where liability cannot be passed to somebody else.
Indirect Taxes : where liability can be passed to someone else. Example VAT(Value Added Tax), Service Tax etc

When GST will be implemented three types of taxes will be applicable
CGST : Revenue collected by central government
SGST : Revenue collected by state government for Within state sales
IGST : Revenue collected by central government for outside state sales

What is Input Tax Credit : To make sure that tax is levied only on the amount of value addition at each stage of the supply chain, credit for the taxes paid at the previous stage is granted.

Who is liable to pay GST : Businesses and traders with annual sales above Rs20 lakh are liable to pay GST. The threshold for paying GST is Rs10 lakh in the case of northeastern and special category states. GST is applicable on inter-state trade irrespective of this threshold.

Products not covering under GST : Crude oil, diesel, petrol, natural gas and jet fuel are temporarily kept out of GST. Liquor is kept out of GST as a constitutional provision and hence it would require an amendment to Constitution if it is to be brought into GST net.
What is the anti-profiteering mechanism : To prevent the possibility of prices going up and to make sure that the reduced tax burden on products and services are passed on to consumers.
Authority to be set up by the government will act on complaints of profiteering and direct a profiteering supplier to cut price, return the benefit of reduced tax burden to the buyer with 18% interest, or recover such amount if the buyer cannot be identified or doesn’t make a claim. A profiteering business could lose its GST registration, too.

GST rates : 0%, 5%, 12%, 18% and 28%

Main Website for all information : http://www.cbec.gov.in/htdocs-cbec/gst/index

To Apply GST the website is : https://www.gst.gov.in/

GST Concept in Hindi : http://www.cbec.gov.in/resources//htdocs-cbec/gst/gst-concept-status-ason01052017-h.pdf
GST Concept in English : http://www.cbec.gov.in/resources//htdocs-cbec/gst/gst-concept-status-ason-03062017.pdf

Link to the Presentation
https://1drv.ms/p/s!AsyTaFuYv8zcg1FQrYRYqKbR4cYk

Benefits of GST
1. Brings transparency on the taxes levied
2. Improve the ease of doing business
3. Improve tax compliance
4. Boost revenue (Central as well state governments)
5. Eliminate tax cascading effect as shown earlier
6. Accelerate GDP growth rate
7. Exports would be zero-rated only tax on Imports as per GST norms

Please watch the complete video for proper understanding.
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How to increase RAM of your computer using Pen Drive - Live Demo - Step by Step - Explained - In Hindi

How to increase RAM of your computer using Pen Drive – Live Demo – Step by Step – Explained – In Hindi

How to increase RAM of your computer using Pen Drive this is what I am going to explain you with live demo in Hindi.

We all know that to increase RAM on your computer you have to purchase the memory cards which costs in thousands, however many people don’t know the concept if virtual memory of page file.

Basically when we run programs and software’s on our computer the memory from memory cards are consumed however as if there is more requirement of memory than that memory in the form of pages are being written to your local hard disks which is used.

However many people having computer don’t know about this and eventually many computers are still using SATA hard disks which are very lesser in speed in compare to SSDs.

So I will tell you basically using pen drive\flash drive we will be increasing the page file or virtual memory of our PC which will not only increase the speed of our pc by writing pages in pen drive\flash drive but also a very cheaper way to increase computer speed.

Obviously this can only be used when we are not going to purchase the memory card for our pc for short term. This solution is beneficial for short term.

Also one more important thing after configuring all the things you don’t have to remove pen drive from your pc, if you remove it your pc will not boot as it will be requiring the pen drive which was attached while configuring the virtual memory.

Note : If you want to remove the pen drive from pc better you reconfigure the virtual memory settings and remove pagefile\virtual memory from pendrive and reboot the pc. After this you can remove pen drive.

Virtual Memory\Pagefile to be configured

As per Microsoft the recommended pagefile we can set for PC\Computer is 1.5-2 times the RAM of the computer i.e. if your computer belongs to earlier versions before Windows Vista then we can have pagefile to be 1.5 times the RAM of computer and if your Windows is after Vista version i.e. Windows Vista\7\10 then you can configure pagefile on your computer 2 times the RAM of computer.

One more thing need to configure is that if you have RAM in your computer between 1-4GB then you will configure pagefile as below:
C Drive = 1 GB = 1024 MB
Rest in additional drive i.e. pendrive\flashdrive (will calculate below)

If you have RAM is between >5GB
C Drive = 4 GB = 4.96 GB
Rest in additional drive i.e pendrive\flashdrive (will calculate below)

How to calculate Rest that is what actually we should configure in flash\pen drive

As discussed above if we have computer with Windows XP with 2 GB RAM
Then we can have total pagefile as 1.5*2=3GB
However as my total RAM of computer is between 1-4GB
So in C Drive we will be having pagefile as 1GB i.e. 1024 GB
And in Flash drive we can have maximum page file as 3GB – 1GB = 2GB

Another example if we have computer installed with windows 10 having total RAM as 16 GB my machine example.
We will be having total pagefile would be 2*total ram of computer as discussed above(my computer is Windows 10) = 32 GB
So in C Drive we would be having 4 GB as pagefile because total RAM in my PC is greater than 5 GB,
Now in flash\pen drive the page file will be 32 GB – 4 GB(already in C Drive) = 28 GB.

Note : So we can give 28 GB maximum in pendrive but as I was having flash drive with free space of only around 5GB I have given just to show you only 4GB as pagefile in flash drive.
Also to do not confuse you I have not given pagefile in C Drive and let it remain as System Managed.

In all steps which I am going to show you will requiring reboot of computer.

Please watch the complete video for proper understanding.

What is Backup and Restore - Types of Backup - Archiving - Explained - Details - In Hindi

What is Backup and Restore – Types of Backup – Archiving – Explained – Details – In Hindi

What is Backup and Restore, types of backup, archiving this is what I am going to explain you in details in Hindi.

What is Backup
Backup is a process of copying or archiving files and folders for the purpose of being able to restore them in case of data loss.
Data loss can happen in many ways like hardware\software failure or due to any disaster or catastrophic events.
There might be chances where we feel like the data we have stored might become corrupt, recently the WannaCry ransomware attacks created an havoc by encrypting the files of computer and asking for ransome.
Restore is a process to copying the backed up files to the original or different location.

Types of Backup
There are many types of backup generally you can consider if you want to learn it more technically however main four types of backup I will explain to you.
1. Normal Backup
2. Full Backup
3. Incremental Backup
4. Differential Backup

Normal backup : is nothing but just to copy paste the files from one location to another
Full Backup : Full backup is the complete backup of the system.
Incremental Backup : is the backup of the files and folders which has been changed since from last backup.
Differential backup : is the backup of the files and folders changed since from last full backup.

Backup Schedule : is the regular time or day in which backup job runs.
Backup Window : is the time in which backup need to be completed.
Retention Period : is the duration of time for which the backup need to be stored.
Storage Device\Media : can be of many types, basically its divided in two categories disks and tapes based
Archiving : is the process to backup the data and store in some location where you do not want to access it frequently

Famous Backup Software and Companies
Microsoft Windows : Windows Backup and Restore, NTBackup
Veritas Software : Netbackup, Backup Exec
HP : HP data protector
IBM : IBM TSM
EMC : EMC Networker etc

Link to the presentation
https://1drv.ms/p/s!AsyTaFuYv8zcg0klM-964ufk7oyZ

Please watch the complete video for proper understanding.

If you like my video please make me happy by sharing it on social media and subscribing my YouTube channel

What is the UJALA scheme - Details - Explained - In Hindi

What is the UJALA scheme – Details – Explained – In Hindi

What is the UJALA scheme this is what I am going to explain you in Hindi in details.

Unnat Jivan by Affordable LEDs and Appliances for All (UJALA) scheme aims to promote efficient use of energy at the residential level; enhance the awareness of consumers about the efficacy of using energy efficient appliances and aggregating demand to reduce the high initial costs thus facilitating higher uptake of LED lights by residential users.

A simple act of change of one light bulb to LED. The initiative is part of the GOI efforts to spread the message of energy efficiency in the country which is very beneficial to reduce global warming effects and fulfils the promise of Green energy up to some extent as reducing the usage of electricity.

It may be noted that the scheme was initially labelled DELP (Domestic Efficient Lighting Program) and was relaunched as UJALA.

Every domestic household having metered connection is eligible for this scheme. The consumer can purchase the LED on EMI payment (monthly/bimonthly instalments in electricity bill) or on upfront payment by paying the full amount.

Documents Required
1. Taking Bulbs on EMI – Copy of latest electricity bill and copy of Government authorized ID proof
2. Purchasing directly without EMI – Copy of Government authorized ID proof.

From where to purchase
UJALA LED bulbs are being distributed through special counters (kiosks) set up at designated places in a city.
You can check the list of Kiosk centres in your city by directly going to the site below, you can check my video in which I have shown how to check Kiosk centre in your city

Main Website : http://www.ujala.gov.in

LED bulbs provided by the government is around 60% cheaper than normal LED bulbs if you purchase from normal market.

Priced between INR 75- INR 95 per LED bulb however it may vary from state to state due to VAT, administrative costs, awareness and distribution costs.

Warranty
LED bulbs provided are coming with three years replacement warranty.

Register Complain
Use Twitter handle @EESL_India
Email Address: info@eesl.co.in
Use below form
http://www.ujala.gov.in/forms/consumer-feedback.aspx

Please watch the complete video for proper understanding.

If you like my video please make me happy by sharing it on social media and subscribing my YouTube channel